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Among all the tick-transmitted diseases, Lyme disease is the most common. Blacklegged ticks are the carriers of this lethal disease. This bacterial infection has varying degree levels and may lead to substantial health problems like kidney failure or even death. It is important that you should keep the dog safe by knowing all the essential facts about this disease. It is good to know the symptoms, treatment, and the time it has an increased chance to strike.
Detection in pets
Lyme disease can strike all over the globe. The name of the disease comes after the village of Lyme in Connecticut, the United States, post the first outbreak in 1975 in the same area. This disease continues to be regular slaughterer in this part of the world. As per CDC. 95 percent of confirmed Lyme cases come from 14 states. New York, Vermont, and Virginia are among the source states. When an infected tick bites the host, Borrelia burgdorferi, the concerned bacteria gets into the tissue causing numerous health complications. The infection enters the blood-stream about 24 hours later. In some cases, it may be 36 hours.
It is easy to detect Lyme disease if it occurs in humans. The disease can be easily identified by the red rash on the skin. In dogs, however, detection is a little harder as canines do not suffer from rashes. To compound the problem, a dog could be infected for as much as five months prior to the infection showing itself as symptoms and signs. The list of such visual markers includes lameness, joint swelling, and joint pain, poor appetite, inactivity. Breathing difficulties, arthritis, fever, dehydration, increased touch sensitivity, depression, and swollen lymph nodes. In some cases, complications in the nervous system and heart abnormalities are also reported. When it comes to joint swelling and pain, the elbows and the knees are the most affected.
Lyme disease is difficult to diagnose and multiple symptoms of this disease appear to resolve by themselves. The symptoms are also common to a number of other diseases. Lyme mostly occurs in the months starting May and ending August. Two months-June and July- are the most vulnerable months. Ideal weather for Lyme disease propagation is higher humidity and warmer temperatures. The danger season may begin much sooner if less rainfall occurs.
If you live in a place where there is a greater incidence of Lyme disease, use the numerous vaccination options and tick-preventative products available via the veterinarian. The vet will first evaluate the age of the dog and its overall health. The canine’s lifestyle will also be put under the scanner. The professional will also take into account whether your dog is susceptible to the disease.