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Cats are fascinating animals. They can do amazing things. Almost everyone is aware of cats’ senses of sight and their smell. Many know about their eyes and noses. However, not many people know about their ears. That body part deserves a good note as well. They can do a lot more than simply detect sound. They control balance and communicate the feline mood. Ears also help to hunt prey.
The cat’s ears can be divided into three physical parts: the inner ear, the outer ear, and the middle ear. The pinna makes up the outer ear along with the ear canal. Its function is to capture the sound waves and then transmit the same to the middle ear via the ear canal.
- Ears and versatile range
Human ears are mostly stationary. The ears of the cat, in contrast, have 32 muscles which help the body part to rotate, twitch and enjoy a better hearing range. The ear of the cat could rotate up to 180 degrees. This makes them an excellent tool when it comes to tracking down small prey moving swiftly from one place to another.
- Better hearing capabilities
There is a misconception that among pets, dogs have the best hearing abilities. This is wrong. Cats have a better frequency range to hear. The dog’s hearing range begins from 67 hertz and ends at 45,000 Hertz. In contrast, the range of the cat starts 45 hertz and ends at 64,000 Hertz. Humans in comparison are 20 hertz to 23,000 hertz. No wonder you see your kitty’s ears perking up while you and the dog continue to lie placidly.
- Maintain balance
Cats, like humans, have fluid inside their ears which helps them to maintain balance. The inner ear of the cat has a vestibular system. The latter is full of fluid and assists your cat to maintain balance. Ears are the reason cats almost always land on their feet.
- Communicate feelings
A good and attentive cat owner knows what their cat intends to do by the position of its ears. Since the cat has 32 muscles in its ears, it can move the part like a satellite dish to communicate different moods. An uncomfortable cat with have its ears flat against the head and have a tense stance. The annoyed cat will have its ears twitch and erect. If the cat’s ear is twitched without any provocation, this means it is trying to locate the source of the sound.
- Deaf ears at the beginning
Kittens get born with closed ear canals. It means your kitty was deaf when it was just born. The ear canals open when the kitten is a week old. The cat will begin to recognize sounds after two weeks. It can differentiate between most sounds within a month.